Behaviour topics

Meltdown vs tantrum

Understood for all is based in New York.      It sets out a clear explanation of the difference between a meltdown and a tantrum.      There are some quick tips at the top of the page and some next steps at the bottom.      Click icon to

The National autistic society offers more detailed

 What a meltdown feels like

Fifteen people on the Autism Spectrum describe what a meltdown feels like.      For example, It literally feels like my head is imploding.      Building up to it gets overwhelming, but an actual meltdown is just like your brain is ceasing to exist.

Also, two autism mums have written in detail about how they experience their children’s meltdowns and what they think may be worth considering in order to help.       See: 

Positive behaviour

This help sheet from Options autism introduces an approach that aims to work with the grain of the individual’s nature, called Positive behavioural support.      Instead of focusing on reactive consequences and sanctions to try and force change, perhaps a bit like the Wind, we try and ‘proactively’ create the conditions that allow individuals to change in a way that is meaningful for them, a bit like the Sun.

   Click icon to view.

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Download PDF – 2MB


Options have also produced a help sheet about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Autism.     Click icon to view.     See also our stimming page.

   Click icon to view.

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Download PDF – 520KB


Verywell website has a very readable page of resources for parents of children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder that may look helpful.      Click icon to browse.       Also, the Good schools guide sets out the basic causes of ODD, practical tips and differences to similar conditions.      See:  article

Doc icon  Thanks ‘cool guy’

Here is a story by a father about a plane journey one which a fellow passenger realized his son has autism.       Click icon to view.

  Autism & the law

The National Autistic Society has produced a page to help  you to help your child to stay safe and get the right support from the police.

Also, autistic people are more likely to be victims and witnesses of crime than offenders.      If your child is a witness a crime, or are the victim of a crime, they might be interviewed by the police and go to court.      Click icon to view this page.

Here is a detailed but readable article aiming to help the reader to understand better the relationship between Asperger’s syndrome & criminal behaviour.     They touch on a few recommendations to improve things towards the end of the article:

  • Identify the needs of the young person
  • Identify triggers for behaviour that might get them into trouble
  • Social stories may help young people to understand the issues
  • Actions and reactions can be misunderstood by police etc.

An ID card could help to reduce misunderstanding.       Canadda, based in Lincoln, can provide ID cards to young people in the Grantham area.      See Neuro-diversity ID cards

See also our Handy stuff page and look under the Awareness cards heading.

Sensory Sensitivity

  Noise sensitivity

The NHS has a webpage with a simple guide to noise sensitivity.     They recommend relaxation techniques to ease the sensitivity, among other things.

One NHS trust has produced a more detailed guide to helping a child with sensitivity to noise.

 Click icon to view.     Also, here are some tips from an NHS occupational

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Download PDF – 220KB

Also, this page from Tinnitus UK may help to untangle one or two

Sensory library

Linkage has a sensory toy library.      When they set it up they said, The Linkage Sensory Library is a new venture that will bring fun, learning and the therapeutic benefits of using sensory equipment to people with disabilities, including those with learning difficulties, across Greater Lincolnshire.      Click icon above to find out about their outreach bus.

Formal referrals are not necessary.      Parents, professionals, relatives and the person seeking provision are able to contact us to enquire about our services.

   Click icon for their catalogue of sensory toys.

See also Linkage entry on a specialist FE association website and their Facebook page.

 Sensory differences

Click icon to see an article from the National Autistic Society.      They say that many people on the autism spectrum have difficulty processing everyday sensory information.

  • It covers many possibilities.
  • Senses may be over or under sensitive.
  • Therapies are listed at the bottom
  • Further reading too

  Sensory processing disorder

Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is another name for the condition referred to using similar names like Sensory integration difficulties.     Click icon above to find out what is what from Sensory integration education.     

They are UK based, and provide post-graduate training in sensory integration.      See about us,      Click icon on the right for their guide to accessing a practitioner. 

  • The Star instituteUSA has a concisely presented page:  What is SPD? 
  • The Star instituteUSA has a couple of concisely presented pages:  What is SPD?         SPD and other conditions – such as autism.
  • SPD was developed out of Sensory integration.    SPD has some additional elements.    Have a look at:  The difference 
  • Stimming can be a useful coping mechanism for people with sensory sensitivities.    For coping with sensory overload see our Why does that happen? page.

 Online resource

The Sensory Processing Disorder website seems to have an international reach.      For example see:  UK mum.      Click icon for an introduction. 

See: Q & A for the question and answer page, then scroll down for previous posts.      You can post a question of your own if it has not already been answered.      See also:  About me 

 Occupational therapists

Occupational therapists may be able to help children and adults with sensory issues.      Where might they be found?       Click icon to help find out.

Food challenges

Options autism has produced a helpsheet – Facing food challenges for those with autism & sensory processing differences.      The author is one of their specialist occupational therapists.      Options Autism is the new name for Options Group.

   Click PDF icon to view.

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Download PDF – 370KB

For tips on getting a haircut, going to the opticians or the dentist, click next.

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