Model railways can range from a basic circuit of track to a large, high tech layout. OO scale is the most popular, with the smaller and more compact N gauge having gained in popularity.
Here are video clips of a few of the best model railways in the UK. Click icon to have a look.
- Ashford international model railway education centre opened in 2021. See: website photo gallery map
- Digital commands control (DCC) is a technology for controlling each locomotive on your layout independently. It may not seem to be worth the cost and complication but might be interesting. See: Introduction
Is there anything here that looks interesting. One or two new interests could be worth having.
What is the future for hydrogen fuelled transport? It will fill the gaps where battery power cannot compete. It looks like these will be for larger vehicles and long distances on tight schedules. Click icon to read about hydrogen powered cars.
London’s fleet of hydrogen powered busses has been under development for some years. Their first permanent hydrogen bus service was introduced in 2010. They have set out their vision for hydrogen fuel cell technology in the UK capital.
See also GAIN introduction to hydrogen fuel. It looks like plans may be starting to gather pace. 2021
- Here are some rock guitar tracks. Imagine a huge outdoor rock concert. Now listen to Arena Rock, by Steve Morse.
- Then there is the more thoughtful Turn the Page by Metallica. Going back further, there is Eric Clapton’s classic rock song Layla. This recording features the drummer, Phil Collins from the band Genesis.
- A new generation of young ladies has started playing rock guitar. Here is The Trouper by Iron Maiden. It is fast and furious, and it is played for us by a couple of guitarists from the all female tribute band The Iron Maidens.
- This one might sound more technical, Morning Star by Vinnie Moore, played for us by a teenage boy. He has even managed to make up a little bit himself. Here is The original, in case you want to compare.
- Have you heard of classical/rock crossover? This track is called April Sky. Guitarist, Vinnie Moore has brought a couple of classical pieces up to date. Sky is also the name of a band. They have crossed over a bit further with their version of Toccata.
The bigger picture
If you like to find fresh thinking then these might be worth a look.
- Stumbling and mumbling – thoughts about current affairs. Well considered opinion with links to intelligent analysis.
- Science of the soul – about Daniel Dennett. Perhaps he could be described as a curious rationalist with a love of life. Also, click play button for his thoughts on the nature of consciousness.
The synthesizer was invented by Robert Moog. Click icon for a video history of the Mini Moog.
John Michelle Jarre did a lot to popularise synthesizer music with his first album Oxygene. This is the signature track, that many people will have heard, even if they do not have the album. It has a catchy tune.
Genesis‘ progressive rock featured synthesized keyboard on a big scale. You can hear the keyboards particularly well one of their instrumental tracks.
Giorgio Moroder is probably less well known, but he was producing synthesizer music at that time too. Would you believe that From here to eternity came out in 1977? It sounds very futuristic, even today. He has recently released a new album, called 74 is the new 24. Here is a video clip with fun graphics.
Rick Wakeman has been producing sythesiser music since 1969. Here is Anne Boleyn.
A space probe robot, named Philae, landed on a comet in November 2014. The space craft that carried the probe was the first to orbit a comet as well as the first to land something on a comet’s surface. It has sent back many photos. The aim is to find out more about what comets do in space. The landing did not go to plan, though. The probe bounced and ended up in a dark valley, so it could not get enough energy from the sun to carry on working after the battery ran out. Here is a short video about the landing. The video on this page provides an update from the following day.
A few days later scientists announced that carbon, vital for the creation of life, had been detected on the comet.
The lander re-established contact in June 2015 after the comet moved nearer to the sun and Philae’s batteries recharged sufficiently. In February 2016, however, scientists gave up hope of re-establishing contact. See farewell to Philae.
Asteroids are like comets but you can see a tail trailing behind a comet. Asteroids do not have a tail.
Have you ever wondered what has become of the area surrounding the Chernobyl nuclear
- The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel
- The damaged reactor is now enclosed in a large concrete shelter which was erected quickly (by October 1986) to allow continuing operation of the other reactors at the plant
- In the early 1990s, some $400 million was spent on improvements to the remaining reactors at Chernobyl, considerably enhancing their safety.
- New safe confinement is due to be completed in 2017. It is being built next to the reactor and will be moved into place on rails.
- In the last two decades there has been some resettlement of the areas evacuated in 1986 and subsequently.
- Since 1989, over 1000 nuclear engineers from the former Soviet Union have visited Western nuclear power plants and there have been many reciprocal visits.
- See official World Nuclear record for more information. It is the source for the bullet points above.
- Burying Chernobyl – Can the site of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in April 1986 be made safe without risking the health of those involved in the task? Listen via BBC iPlayer.
Catherine Tate is a very popular comedian. Chances are you have seen her on TV. In this video clip, Lauren, one of Catherine’s characters, takes her bad attitude into her French Exam. Another of her characters then appears in Albert Square for a Children in Need Eastenders Special.
She is actually quite well adjusted in real life, which goes to show what a good actor she is. See an interview in her dressing room, or maybe just a bit of it. Here are a few pictures of her, too. Some aspies may like doing performance art.
A new railway line from London to Birmingham and beyond is planned. It will be called, High Speed 2 (HS2). Click map to enlarge.
High Speed 1 is the line from London to the Channel Tunnel (HS1). See below under
Eurostar. Since the HS1 line was built, commuters from Ashford, not far from the
tunnel, have been able to get to London in a fraction of the time they could before.
Local news for Leicestershire covered a story about HS2 in 2013. See video clip and click on picture of train to watch. They say that the effect of HS2 on Leicestershire might be similar, when the new line is in use, to that of HS1 on Kent. The Birmingham station will not be very far from Leicester.
Not everyone is happy about spending a great deal of money on HS2 to get more people to their work in London, but HS1 has helped to make homes more affordable for commuters. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, says that the new line will also help to make the north of the country more prosperous, though others say it will not do much to help with this. See the Chancellor’s article for links to articles that question the wisdom of the HS2 plan.
Have you seen Harry Enfield’s teenage pair Kevin and Perry? Teenage characteristics are exaggerated for comic effect.
In one sketch Kevin’s parents try giving him a taste of his own medicine, in Reverse psychology, but it backfires badly. Another sketch features Kevin’s school Parents’ evening. Kevin’s attitude to his teachers could be both interesting and entertaining.
Pink Floyd’s song Shine on you crazy diamond was a tribute to former band member Syd Barrett. It starts quietly and showcases the band’s keyboard and guitar work. Click play button to hear it.
Barrett wandered into the studio while the band was recording Wish You Were Here, the album that features this piece. He had drastically changed his appearance, and the band members did not recognise him for some time. When they eventually did, Roger Waters was so distressed he was reduced to tears. Perhaps you could say that with this escapade he lived up to the line in the song, You outstayed your welcome with random precision. Click Information to find out more about this piece.
Here is an introduction to Syd Barrett’s contribution to the early years of Pink Floyd, including some of his best songs.
This year things have changed more than usual. Under the 2014 rules there is a fuel limit. Cars are using hybrid technology, which helps them to work within that fuel limit. An electric motor helps to slow the car when braking, which generates electricity to be stored in a battery and re-used when accelerating. This makes the cars more responsive when accelerating and saves fuel. Less fuel means less weight, which saves more fuel.
The Red Bull team has won the past 4 years’ Constructor’s Championship titles, but this year Mercedes is leading. Here is a video explaining the secret of their success. Don’t worry if you do not understand everything very well. It is not all that easy to follow.
After nearly ten years together, Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt finally tied the knot on the 23rd August 2014 at their French country house. It has been reported that Brad and Ange used the opportunity of their wedding to raise some serious cash for good causes.
Brad and Angelina knew there would be tremendous interest in their wedding pictures, and decided to
donate the money to their charitable foundation. The couple have done this numerous times in the past. The pair previously sold the first photographs of their 6-year-old twins for $14million back in 2008, and donated every penny of that too.
They really are just the perfect couple, aren’t they? Her gown was made by Atelier Versace and bore more than a passing resemblance to a classic Disney princess gown. The satin gown featured a ruched top and corseted bodice over a full skirt but it was her veil that stole the show. It’s little surprise that the Jolie-Pitt kids played a huge part in their parents’ big day but mum Ange went one step further by letting them design her veil.
Update: Fast forward
Do you know much about Eurostar? It is a high speed train that takes passengers from London to Paris and from London to Brussels, in Belgium. It goes along a new line called High Speed 1 from central London to the Chanel Tunnel. When the Chanel Tunnel opened Eurostar had to use the old line to Waterloo station. It was much slower and more congested than the dedicated high speed line linking Paris to the tunnel.
A Eurostar train set a new British speed record of 208.0 mph on the first section of High Speed 1 shortly before it opened on 30 July 2003.
The second and final phase was opened in 2007. It allows trains to travel at speeds of 186 mph. The combined effect of both phases was to cut Eurostar journey times by 40 minutes. It is now possible to travel from London to Paris by train in 2 hours 15 minutes.
It now carries more passengers to Paris and Brussels than all airlines put together. It does this with about 90% less carbon dioxide emissions than the airlines.